Pediatric Urology

Pediatric urology is a surgical subspecialty that deals with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of genitourinary systems in boys and girls, ranging from birth to early adulthood. Most children under the care of a pediatric urologist are school-aged and younger.  The most common condition treated by pediatric urologists is urinary tract infection (UTI) and problems with the testes.

Some of the problems that this specialty deals with include:

  • Phimosis
  • Hypospadias
  • Bladder control problems such as bedwetting and daytime urinary incontinence
  • Undescended testes (cryptorchidism)
  • Urinary obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux
  • Neurogenic bladder (e.g., associated with spina bifida)
  • Urolithiasis (bladder and kidney stones)
  • Neurogenic bladder (e.g., associated with spina bifida)
  • Tumors and cancers of the kidneys
  • Repair of genitourinary trauma
  • Distention of the kidney in utero (antenatal hydronephrosis)
  • Genitourinary malformations and birth defects


The pediatric urological examination includes a medical history and a comprehensive physical examination. A history of symptoms, illnesses, injuries, medications, prenatal ultrasound, and family history are documented.

When indicated an imaging of urinary system is obtained using ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.

Read more about Pediatric Urology Overview on Urology Channel .

For more information, contact Dr. Plawner by calling (212) 737-2330 for a consultation.